UGBODU PEOPLE OF THE ODIANI CLAN


     UGBODU PEOPLE OF THE ODIANI CLAN

The Odianis are located in Aniocha North local government area of Delta State, Nigeria.They are referred to as "Delta igbos" ,Anioma people or Odiani people. The Odianis of today are in no way Yoruba people,as they dont share any similarity in culture or tradition,and also way of life. Apart from them being bilingual,they are very much Proud sons and daughters of Anioma and west igbo land.They occupy eight communities west of the Niger river, and are together known today, as the Odiani clan in Aniomaland.[1] Ugbodu town is considered the traditional headquarters of the Odiani people and is traditionally headed by the Oloza(Obi) of Ugbodu. The present oloza is H.R.M Obi Ayo Ochei Isinyemeze,who is the traditional head of the Aniocha north council of kings.[2] Odiani villages select leaders through the okpala obi system, which was a borrowed feature from their neighbors, and is a fusion of the Obi (Kingship) rulership system gotten from Benin, and the Okpala (Gerontocracy) system gotten from the Igbos.
                                           Geography
The Odianis occupy an area just west of the Niger River's right bank. The area is rich in Chalk and Kaolin deposits which is known as "Nzu" in Igbo, which has been traditionally mined and used by the people of the area for various cultural purposes. Except on the Northern flank where the Olukumis share a common border with Edo state and Esanland, they are almost completely surrounded by Enuani communities. They are located in Aniocha North L.G.A of Delta state
Etymology The word Olukumi means "My confidant" or "My friend"

Ugbodu means : I have found solace in this land.

Odiani Towns and Communities s/n Town Origins
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1 Ugbodu (Ugbodu-uno) Founded by early settlers from Akure and Owo axis.
2 Ukwu Nzu Ile-Ife via Usen (Usehin) After the founding of Usen town in Edo state by people from Ile ife, Agbe, the founder of Ukwu-Nzu is said to have come from there.
3 Ubulubu People from Ugbodu and Eko A relatively late Olukumi town said to have been founded in 1800 by some Ugbodu people later joined by others from Ukwu nzu.
 4 Idumu Ogo
 5 Ugboba (Ugbo Oba)
 6 Ogodor
7 Ogbe Onei (Obomkpa) Owo
8 Anioma

Non Olukumi villages of Yoruba Origins s/n Town Origins
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9 Onichaku (Ubulu Uku) Ilesha Was founded by a warrior called Jowasoro who migrated from Ilesha in Osun State.
10 Ogbekenu villages of Onicha-Ugbo Ikare-Akoko Founded by people from the Akoko area of Ondo state.
History
The Odianis migrated from the ancient Oyo empire over one thousand years ago and setteled in the Benin kingdom for some time,before finally settling in thier present location in th Anioma cultural area of delta state. They have been living in the area even before most of he enuani speaers settled in the land. According to history,they are one of the first settlers in the aniocha north area. Migration is not particular to just the ugbodu people,as most of the ethnic groups today in Nigeria migrated from varois places before finally finding a place of settlement,a place where they now call thier home. They have also participated in every activity in the Anioma Zone,for example,the Ekumeku war,which affected the whole of Anioma.


PRESENT DAY ODIANI CLAN
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THE ODINANIS OF TODAY ARE FULL BLOODED NDI ANIOMAS AND BY EXTENSION MAKING THEM NDI IGBOS OF THE WEST. THE OBI OF UGBODU IS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE COUNCIL OF OBIS IN ANIOCHA. THEY ARE ABOUT THE OLDEST TOWN IN ANIOCHA NORTH LGA
ALTHOUGH SOME MAY CLAIM NOT TO BE WESTERN IGBOS,BUT THAT IS JUST AN EFFECT OF IDENTITY CRISIS WHICH THIS PAGE IS SET TO CORRECT.
THE UNIQUENESS OF THE UGBODU PEOPLE IS THAT THEY ARE BILINGUAL,SPEAKING BOTH THE ENUANI DIALECT AND OLUKUMI DIALECT WHICH THEY ARE TRYING TO PRESERVE. THIS IS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT MAKES ANIOMA RICH IN CULTURE AND HERITAGE.Aniocha North
Notable Odiani People Nduka Ugbade - (Former Nigerian football star and coach) Helen Anyamelune - (Former Miss Nigeria)See also Enuani people Anioma people
Ugbodu Kingdom UGBODU PEOPLE
The Odiani people occupy an Anioma clan and are called "Odiani clan ".The clan consists of 6 towns namely Ugbodu, Ukwu Nzu and Ubulubu (Olukwumi speaking) and Ogodor, Ugboba and Idumuogo (mainly Igbo speaking). Ugbodu is actually the traditional headquarters of the Olukwumi people but because of a serious Ekumeku battle staged at Ukwu Nzu in 1904, the colonialists decided to move the Native Authority headquarters to Ukwu Nzu leading to the false claims by some Ukwu Nzu people that they are "the clan head".
The name Ugbodu comes from "Igbo Odun" or sweet forest in Yoruba. They were from Akure and settled in Benin during the reign of the last Ogiso called OWODO. The Ogiso was allegded to have used his only son for sacrifice in order to have more sons and for this reason, the Ugbodu people (who were apprehensive that they being non-Edos could also be victims) led by one Adeola moved eastwards in a site which they felt was secured (hence the name " sweet forests".). This from genealogy occurred in about 1200 AD.
About three or four generations later, one Agbe a relative of the founders of Usen near Benin (they came from Ile Ife) moved eastwards and settled near Ugbodu people. He was attracted to a chalk site and he settled there. Gradually, the Ukwu Nzu people began to earn revenue from those chalk mines and they for this reason were called a people settled on a camp for chalk mining. This is Eko Afun is Olukwumi language. Gradually the Igbo version Ukwu Nzu replaced the original name.
Ubulubu was founded in about 1800 by some Ugbodu people and they were soon joined by people from Ukwu Nzu. This is one reason they don't have hereditary monarchy. Another migration occurred in the late 16th century to Ugbodu. It was an Owo (in Ondo State) war general named Ologun (or Balogun) who was in the Benin army. He founded one of the qtrs in Ugbodu now called OLOGHOSA. the Olukwumi people in Delta state are also known as Odiani people or Ndi Odiani. The origin of the name is still uncertain but my best guess would be from 'oduani' probably corrupted to 'odiani' (meaning tail end of the land) or from Odiani (meaning located at the bottom) as a result of its strategic location in the Anioma area at the fringes or extreme end of Anioma, and bordering neighbouring tribes such as Eshan. As a matter of fact, once you begin to cross the Ohe stream in Ugbodu and get to the other end of it, you are no longer in Anioma land but in Eshan land.
The Odiani people, who all originally spoke Olukwumi, are today spread out into 6 villages: Ugbodu, Ukwu Nzu, Ubulubu, Ogodor, Ugboba and Idumuogo. The Olukwumi people have undergone extensive acculturation since decades of their arrival and today, traces of the Olukumi language can be found in mainly 3 of the 6 Odiani villages: Ukwunzu, Ubulubu and Ugbodu. These 3 villages are regarded as the main Olukwumi speaking areas, with the purer form of Olukwumi being spoken in Ugbodu, and another dialect of it heavily influenced by Igbo language spoken in Ubulubu and Ukwunzu. It may not come surprising that the purer or least Igbo-diluted form of Olukwumi is spoken in Ugbodu today, most likely due to its location on the extreme flank of the Anioma area compared to other Odiani villages and its extreme distance from the Anioma heartland/Nri ensured that it experienced the least acculturation compared to other villages. The other 3 Odiani villages, Ugboba, Idumuogo and Ogodo are mainly Igbo speaking today, and the displacement of Olukwumi in those villages attributed to the influx of different other peoples from east of the Niger, Ezechime areas, Eshan land etc. into the villages.
Asides language, the Odiani people are identical to other Anioma Igbo people in customs and traditions. The 3 Olukwumi-speaking villages are fluently bilingual in Olukwumi and Igbo languages. According to the Obi of Ugbodu, everyone speaks Igbo in the village. However, it is noticed that Olukumi is mostly spoken by the elderly ones of the village and the younger ones have been largely acculturated into the greater Anioma Igbo culture and language.
HISTORY AND PRESENT OF THE ODIANI CLAN BY UGBODU ANIOMA THE HISTORY AND PRESENT DAY ODIANI CLAN IN ANIOMA.
UGBODU ANIOMA.
Ugbodu kingdom is a bilingual speaking community,in Aniocha North area of Delta state. The speak both Enuani and olukumi languages fluently. The present oloza(king) is H.R.M Obi Ayo Ochei Isinyemeze.[1] Olukumi villages select leaders through the okpala obi system, which was a borrowed feature from their neighbors, and is a fusion of the Obi (Kingship) rulership system gotten from Benin, and the Okpala (Gerontocracy) system gotten from the Igbos.
Geography Located in the heart of Anioma land in Aniocha North L.G.A of Delta State are the bilingual people Who speak Olukwumi and Enuani(igbo dialect) perfectly.
The olukwumi people are said to have migrated from the old oyo empire over 1000years ago. They are located in the heart of Anioma land in delta state and can either be referred or classified as Olukwumi people or Ndi Igbos of the west(Delta igbos). Their customs and traditions are that of the igbos in Anioma and they also speak both the olukwumi language and the Enuani dialect perfectly. They also bear both olukwumi and igbo names.
In recent times due to the seemingly extinction of the olukwumi language ,most of the youths speak just the enuani dialect and the purest form of the olukwumi dialect is only spoken by elders in the community. Although they are measures being taken to preserve the unique Olukwumi dialect. 
They partook in every activity during the Ekumeku war,and others. 
  These Anioma son's  occupy an area just west of the Niger River's right bank. The area is rich in Chalk and Kaolin deposits. 

Present day odianis are Ndi Aniomas and by extension Ndi igbos igbos of the West.
                

Notable Odiani People Nduka Ugbade - (Former Nigerian football star and coach) Helen Anyamelune - (Former Miss Nigeria)
See also Enuani people Anioma people
  1. ^ Anioma towns and villages
  2. ^ Ekumeku war
  3. ^ Anioma people
  4. ^ Anioma towns and villages
  5. ^ Ekumeku war
  6. ^ Anioma people

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